virtual reality development

Navigating the Maze of VR Scriptwriting & Storytelling for New Writers

Where Do I Begin?

Virtual Reality is an immersive computer technology allowing its participants the opportunity to partake in a simulated environment. The chance to immerse ourselves in a uniquely alternate reality certainly is enticing — but how do you construct the skeleton of a story for the meaty VR body to hang on, and hold your audiences’ attention?

A lot of the same principles of storytelling apply to VR storytelling and scriptwriting, as they do to its conventional counterpart. Yet in VR storytelling you must consider your audience as an immersed participant. What pitfalls do you need to look out for? That is the right question!

Storytelling Checklist

Pacing

The pace by which you reveal your VR world to your audience is crucial. For the vast majority, VR will be an entirely new experience — and at first, an uneasy one. You need to allow them time to adapt, ease them in gently so to speak. Oculus Story Studio suggest a 30-second settling in period, as most viewers will be more familiar with flat screen viewing. This time period is enough for the participant to relax into the new VR environment.

A slower, introductory pace at the beginning will allow the narrative to shine at the more important, later stages. If you rush your audience into the narrative immediately, the unfamiliarity with their VR surroundings will give them a sensory overload, causing many audience members to just walk away.

The Audience

VR is the medium for audience autonomy and freedom. Instead of writing your script with a confined narrative, your storytelling should embrace the space and explore the world you’ve built.

“There are, of course, plenty of tricks to use to navigate this pitfall  and their use depends on the autonomy you as a creator wish to relinquish to your audience,” explains Andy Hays, a Game Writer at UK Top Writers and Study Demic contributor. “Lighting cues, sound cues, the character’s POV, and especially the arc of additional characters can all aid in directing the attention of your audience along the path of the narrative.”

First Person POV

One of the more challenging aspects involves writing a narrative that a participant can lose themselves in, remembering that we still naturally assume ownership of the virtual environment with which we’re engaged. First person POV is certainly the more difficult choice, but has the advantage of looking through an active participant’s eyes.

The Reality of VR

This is not just important in navigating the pitfalls of POV, but we cannot forget that the participant must actively believe the environment they are immersed in. The reality of their Virtual Reality must be engaging.

Writing a story where supporting characters break the fourth wall, engaging directly with the participant, adds a sense of realism to the participant’s experience. The intimacy of these moments is more likely to leave a lasting impact on your audience.

Player Decision-Making

Nowadays, giving autonomy to your audience in terms of story is common practice — particularly in the gaming industry. VR should be no different.

If your audience desires freedom and autonomy of the world, give it to them. Ensure the character arc is engaging and the narrative is constructed with arc-altering decisions. Not only do these decisions develop a believable reality by giving your participant personified responsibility, but it also allows you to retain control over the story and direct your audience once more.

Spatial Storytelling

The key thing to remember here is that the VR space is not just background, or filler. It is an active component in your immersive environment. The world must shift around the participant. Use it to drag their attention in the direction the narrative desires; this again relates to the cues we mentioned earlier.

It is important to note the reverse sensory action of behaviours: How does entering a café, library, or school, affect you on a sensory level, and what then do you add to it to make it distinguishable?

Formatting

Regardless of the media you’re writing for, formatting should always be top of your list. If you wish to write in POV, you can add it to your scene heading. Others choose to write with a more theatrical freedom. Whatever your preference, there are some great tools to assist new writers in polishing off your VR script:

What Next?

Following these tips will set you on the right path to successfully navigating the pitfalls of VR scriptwriting and storytelling. The reality of VR is essential to your audience. And though they seek autonomy and freedom within the world, using the outlined tricks and skills above allow you to retain this power via the narrative, dynamic spatial design, and immersive character arcs you’ve written.

NYFA guest author Freddie Tubbs is a script writer at Paper Fellows. He regularly takes part in film conferences and writes posts and guides for Big Assignments and Write my Australia.

How to Get Started in Virtual Reality Development

Many of us might have been familiar with the world of virtual reality development via simulation games such as Second Life, where users can choose and customize an avatar and meet new people in a virtual environment. One could even go for dates, explore new landscapes, solve mysteries and even get married — virtually.

By now, in an age of Pokemon Go, virtual reality development has come a long way. Now, it involves actually interacting with a simulated environment, mostly using a virtual reality headset or HMD. A virtual reality developer is a lucrative career option for those who love creativity and computers. But keep in mind, virtual reality development is a vast field; it operates using different rules, and requires a particular skill set and lots of patience. So if you’re a novice interested in virtual reality development, you’ve come to the right place for information. Below, we’ve rounded up some useful tips to help you get started.

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1. Build a Strong Foundation.

Think of virtual reality technology as an advanced master course, meaning you need some preparation material and introductory lessons. Courses like NYFA’s virtual reality workshops are an excellent way to develop competitive understanding of the technology and discover your own voice within this burgeoning field. Get fluent in product design, video game design, 3D modeling and animation as well as design theory. For programming, it helps to know C#. In other words, for virtual reality development, it helps to know about the technologies surrounding and supporting VR. For instance, why not take some design courses and programming lessons with NYFA’s 12-Week intensive Game Coding Workshop? Engage with virtual reality as much as you can, whether in the form of apps or games. Study and try to figure out what makes certain virtual reality development projects successful.

2.  Choose a Particular Platform and Master It.

There are plenty of platforms, each with its advantages and limitations, for you to experiment with VR. The best and easiest one for now is Unity — you don’t even need the special VR hardware to start creating games. It is also freely available. Another engine you may want to check out is Unreal. Start out with Mobile VR and make a prototype using Google Cardboard and a Cardboard Viewer. WebVR is another entry point for VR developers, with many media companies and forecasters betting that a 3D, immersive internet is on the horizon. As VR devices get more accessible and affordable, content developed for the 3D web will likely become the most universal use of VR.

3. Make The Best Use of Free Resources. 

If you’re stumped, there’s always Google to help you out. Unity comes with its own tutorials for the absolute beginner here and there are plenty of online courses to improve your skills such as these and these. Once the prototype is ready, add appropriate sound and art to make the experience as immersive as possible. You also need to know how gyro and accelerometer sensors in mobile phones work as well as image processing and speech recognition.

4. Stay Up-To-Date With New VR Developments. 

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Virtual Reality is a constantly evolving field and, the more you explore, the more treasures you’ll uncover. If you want to be a virtual reality developer, it’s important to stay up to speed on the industry. Subscribe to podcasts, read interesting articles about the subject, and follow the latest news. Remember that the VR industry is still at its nascent stage, so even when you think you’ve mastered it, there will always be newer things to learn. That’s why this is a great time to become a virtual reality developer.

Finally, to make the most of this venture, you must meet up with other virtual reality developers. For instance, if you want to develop a VR mobile game, form an informal group, divide responsibilities based on everyone’s skills and test the prototype with each other. And most importantly, don’t be afraid to make mistakes and do enjoy the process of creating an artificial world.

Interested in becoming a virtual reality developer? Study virtual reality at NYFA.